The head and oral cavity

Dental disease is recorded as being the second most common clinical problem encountered in the donkey, after disorders of the feet. It has the potential to cause significant pain, which may go unrecognised in these stoic animals. Prophylactic dentistry is essential.

Note that this chapter uses the TRIADAN nomenclature and refers to a complete dental formula of 44 teeth (11 teeth in each one of the 4 quadrants): 3 incisors, 1 canine, 4 premolars (including wolf tooth) and 3 molars. The cheek teeth (CT) refer to 3 premolars and 3 molars (TRIADAN nomenclature 06 to 11).

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